Our website uses cookies which are small bits of data stored as text files on your device. We use these cookies as described in our cookie policy. You can disable or change your cookie settings at any time but parts of our site will not function correctly without them.

OK

Transcript

FGFR2 Fusions in Cholangiocarcinoma

Narrator: This promotional presentation is being sponsored by Incyte Corporation. The speaker is presenting on behalf of, and is being compensated by, Incyte Corporation.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

PEMAZYRE (pemigatinib) is indicated for the treatment of adults with previously treated, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusion or other rearrangement as detected by an FDA-approved test.

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial(s).

Important Safety Information is discussed later in this video.

Dr Javle: Hello, I’m Milind Javle, a GI oncologist practicing in Houston, TX. In this video, I will talk about the role molecular profiling plays in identifying actionable genomic alterations in cholangiocarcinoma, with a focus on FGFR2 fusions and rearrangements.

Molecular profiling can help identify specific genomic alterations in tumors that may help inform treatment decisions.

About 50% of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma have actionable genomic alterations.

Depending on the specific genomic alteration present, molecular profiling may help identify appropriate treatment approaches or help determine clinical trial eligibility for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

In fact, the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology recommend consideration of molecular testing for patients with unresectable or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma

There are different types of genomic alterations that can affect the FGFR2 gene.

These may include:

  • Point mutation, which is a specific change to the normal DNA sequence of the gene.
  • Gene amplification, which is an increase in the number of copy of the gene.
  • Rearrangements, in which a piece of a chromosome breaks off and reattaches at a different location on the same chromosome.
  • This could lead to gene fusions, in which 2 parts of different genes are joined together.

FGFR2 gene fusions and rearrangements are among the most common genomic abnormalities seen in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

10% to 16% of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma have FGFR2 fusions.

Constitutive FGFR signaling can help support proliferation and survival of malignant cells.

FGFR2 fusions are detectable early in the disease progression and may be key drivers for tumor growth.

Employing molecular profiling early in the disease progression can help identify FGFR2 fusions from the start, which could help determine the treatment approach moving forward.

Identifying the presence of FGFR2 fusions or rearrangements in tumor cells can help identify candidates for treatment with PEMAZYRE (or pemigatinib).

PEMAZYRE is the first FDA-approved treatment for patients with previously treated, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with FGFR2 fusion or other rearrangement.

PEMAZYRE inhibits FGFR2 kinase activity, which may decrease tumor cell proliferation and survival in FGFR2-driven tumors.

It’s important to select an appropriate assay when testing for FGFR2 fusions and rearrangements in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

A next-generation sequencing assay should meet the following criteria:

  • An NGS assay should detect FGFR2 fusions distinct from FGFR2 mutations.
  • An NGS assay should have the ability to detect a wide variety of fusion partners, known or unknown.

A high-sensitivity based assay, such as FoundationOne® CDx, can detect FGFR2 fusions, including those with known or unknown fusion partners.

FoundationOne® CDx is the FDA-approved companion diagnostic for PEMAZYRE used to detect FGFR2 fusions and rearrangements in patients with cholangiocarcinoma.

It is also important to keep the biopsy technique in mind when planning for molecular profiling.

Compared with tissue required for a histological diagnosis, additional tissue may be required to satisfy molecular profiling needs.

This concludes our look at FGFR2 fusions and rearrangements in cholangiocarcinoma. Thank you for joining me here today, and please continue watching this video to view Important Safety Information for PEMAZYRE.

Narrator: INDICATIONS AND USAGE

PEMAZYRE is indicated for the treatment of adults with previously treated, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusion or other rearrangement as detected by an FDA-approved test.

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial(s).

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Ocular Toxicity

Retinal Pigment Epithelial Detachment (RPED): PEMAZYRE can cause RPED, which may cause symptoms such as blurred vision, visual floaters, or photopsia. Clinical trials of PEMAZYRE did not conduct routine monitoring including optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect asymptomatic RPED; therefore, the incidence of asymptomatic RPED with PEMAZYRE is unknown.

Among 466 patients who received PEMAZYRE across clinical trials, RPED occurred in 6% of patients, including Grade 3-4 RPED in 0.6%. The median time to first onset of RPED was 62 days. RPED led to dose interruption of PEMAZYRE in 1.7% of patients, and dose reduction and permanent discontinuation in 0.4% and in 0.4% of patients, respectively. RPED resolved or improved to Grade 1 levels in 87.5% of patients who required dosage modification of PEMAZYRE for RPED.

Perform a comprehensive ophthalmological examination including OCT prior to initiation of PEMAZYRE and every 2 months for the first 6 months and every 3 months thereafter during treatment. For onset of visual symptoms, refer patients for ophthalmologic evaluation urgently, with follow-up every 3 weeks until resolution or discontinuation of PEMAZYRE. Modify the dose or permanently discontinue PEMAZYRE as recommended in the prescribing information for PEMAZYRE.

Dry Eye: Among 466 patients who received PEMAZYRE across clinical trials, dry eye occurred in 27% of patients, including Grade 3-4 in 0.6% of patients. Treat patients with ocular demulcents as needed.

Hyperphosphatemia and Soft Tissue Mineralization

PEMAZYRE can cause hyperphosphatemia leading to soft tissue mineralization, cutaneous calcification, calcinosis, and non-uremic calciphylaxis. Increases in phosphate levels are a pharmacodynamic effect of PEMAZYRE. Among 466 patients who received PEMAZYRE across clinical trials, hyperphosphatemia was reported in 92% of patients based on laboratory values above the upper limit of normal. The median time to onset of hyperphosphatemia was 8 days (range 1-169). Phosphate lowering therapy was required in 29% of patients receiving PEMAZYRE.

Monitor for hyperphosphatemia and initiate a low phosphate diet when serum phosphate level is >5.5 mg/dL. For serum phosphate levels >7 mg/dL, initiate phosphate lowering therapy and withhold, reduce the dose, or permanently discontinue PEMAZYRE based on duration and severity of hyperphosphatemia as recommended in the prescribing information.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings in an animal study and its mechanism of action, PEMAZYRE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Oral administration of pemigatinib to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis caused fetal malformations, fetal growth retardation, and embryo-fetal death at maternal exposures lower than the human exposure based on area under the curve (AUC) at the clinical dose of 13.5 mg.

Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus. Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with PEMAZYRE and for 1 week after the final dose. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with PEMAZYRE and for 1 week after the final dose.

Adverse Reactions

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 45% of patients receiving PEMAZYRE. Serious adverse reactions in ≥2% of patients who received PEMAZYRE included abdominal pain, pyrexia, cholangitis, pleural effusion, acute kidney injury, cholangitis infective, failure to thrive, hypercalcemia, hyponatremia, small intestinal obstruction, and urinary tract infection. Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 4.1% of patients, including failure to thrive, bile duct obstruction, cholangitis, sepsis, and pleural effusion.

Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 9% of patients who received PEMAZYRE. Adverse reactions requiring permanent discontinuation in ≥1% of patients included intestinal obstruction and acute kidney injury.

Dosage interruptions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 43% of patients who received PEMAZYRE. Adverse reactions requiring dosage interruption in ≥1% of patients included stomatitis, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, arthralgia, fatigue, abdominal pain, AST increased, asthenia, pyrexia, ALT increased, cholangitis, small intestinal obstruction, alkaline phosphatase increased, diarrhea, hyperbilirubinemia, electrocardiogram QT prolonged, decreased appetite, dehydration, hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypophosphatemia, back pain, pain in extremity, syncope, acute kidney injury, onychomadesis, and hypotension.

Dose reductions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 14% of patients who received PEMAZYRE. Adverse reactions requiring dosage reductions in ≥1% of patients who received PEMAZYRE included stomatitis, arthralgia, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, asthenia, and onychomadesis.

Clinically relevant adverse reactions occurring in ≤10% of patients included fractures (2.1%). In all patients treated with pemigatinib, 1.3% experienced pathologic fractures (which included patients with and without cholangiocarcinoma [N=466]). Soft tissue mineralization, including cutaneous calcification, calcinosis, and non-uremic calciphylaxis associated with hyperphosphatemia were observed with PEMAZYRE treatment.

Within the first 21-day cycle of PEMAZYRE dosing, serum creatinine increased (mean increase of 0.2 mg/dL) and reached steady state by Day 8, and then decreased during the 7 days off therapy. Consider alternative markers of renal function if persistent elevations in serum creatinine are observed.

The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) were hyperphosphatemia (60%), alopecia (49%), diarrhea (47%), nail toxicity (43%), fatigue (42%), dysgeusia (40%), nausea (40%), constipation (35%), stomatitis (35%), dry eye (35%), dry mouth (34%), decreased appetite (33%), vomiting (27%), arthralgia (25%), abdominal pain (23%), hypophosphatemia (23%), back pain (20%), and dry skin (20%).

Drug Interactions

Avoid concomitant use of strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors with PEMAZYRE. Reduce the dose of PEMAZYRE if concomitant use with a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor cannot be avoided. Avoid concomitant use of strong and moderate CYP3A inducers with PEMAZYRE.

Special Populations

Advise lactating women not to breastfeed during treatment with PEMAZYRE and for 1 week after the final dose.

Reduce the recommended dose of PEMAZYRE for patients with severe renal impairment as described in the prescribing information.

Reduce the recommended dose of PEMAZYRE for patients with severe hepatic impairment as described in the prescribing information.

Please see Full Prescribing Information for PEMAZYRE available on this website.

FGFR2 Fusions in CCA

Hear from gastrointestinal oncologist Milind Javle, MD, as he discusses the role molecular profiling plays in identifying actionable genomic alterations in patients with previously treated, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma, and explains why FGFR2 fusions and other rearrangements are of particular interest.

Milind Javle, MD

Gastrointestinal Oncologist

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

PEMAZYRE® is indicated for the treatment of adults with previously treated, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusion or other rearrangement as detected by an FDA-approved test.

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial(s).

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Ocular Toxicity
Retinal Pigment Epithelial Detachment (RPED): PEMAZYRE can cause RPED, which may cause symptoms such as blurred vision, visual floaters, or photopsia. Clinical trials of PEMAZYRE did not conduct routine monitoring including optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect asymptomatic RPED; therefore, the incidence of asymptomatic RPED with PEMAZYRE is unknown.

Among 466 patients who received PEMAZYRE across clinical trials, RPED occurred in 6% of patients, including Grade 3-4 RPED in 0.6%. The median time to first onset of RPED was 62 days. RPED led to dose interruption of PEMAZYRE in 1.7% of patients, and dose reduction and permanent discontinuation in 0.4% and in 0.4% of patients, respectively. RPED resolved or improved to Grade 1 levels in 87.5% of patients who required dosage modification of PEMAZYRE for RPED.

Perform a comprehensive ophthalmological examination including OCT prior to initiation of PEMAZYRE and every 2 months for the first 6 months and every 3 months thereafter during treatment. For onset of visual symptoms, refer patients for ophthalmologic evaluation urgently, with follow-up every 3 weeks until resolution or discontinuation of PEMAZYRE. Modify the dose or permanently discontinue PEMAZYRE as recommended in the prescribing information for PEMAZYRE.

Dry Eye: Among 466 patients who received PEMAZYRE across clinical trials, dry eye occurred in 27% of patients, including Grade 3-4 in 0.6% of patients. Treat patients with ocular demulcents as needed.

Hyperphosphatemia and Soft Tissue Mineralization
PEMAZYRE can cause hyperphosphatemia leading to soft tissue mineralization, cutaneous calcification, calcinosis, and non-uremic calciphylaxis. Increases in phosphate levels are a pharmacodynamic effect of PEMAZYRE. Among 466 patients who received PEMAZYRE across clinical trials, hyperphosphatemia was reported in 92% of patients based on laboratory values above the upper limit of normal. The median time to onset of hyperphosphatemia was 8 days (range 1-169). Phosphate lowering therapy was required in 29% of patients receiving PEMAZYRE.

Monitor for hyperphosphatemia and initiate a low phosphate diet when serum phosphate level is > 5.5 mg/dL. For serum phosphate levels > 7 mg/dL, initiate phosphate lowering therapy and withhold, reduce the dose, or permanently discontinue PEMAZYRE based on duration and severity of hyperphosphatemia as recommended in the prescribing information.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity
Based on findings in an animal study and its mechanism of action, PEMAZYRE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Oral administration of pemigatinib to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis caused fetal malformations, fetal growth retardation, and embryo-fetal death at maternal exposures lower than the human exposure based on area under the curve (AUC) at the clinical dose of 13.5 mg.

Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus. Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with PEMAZYRE and for 1 week after the final dose. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with PEMAZYRE and for 1 week after the final dose.

Adverse Reactions
Serious adverse reactions occurred in 45% of patients receiving PEMAZYRE. Serious adverse reactions in ≥2% of patients who received PEMAZYRE included abdominal pain, pyrexia, cholangitis, pleural effusion, acute kidney injury, cholangitis infective, failure to thrive, hypercalcemia, hyponatremia, small intestinal obstruction, and urinary tract infection. Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 4.1% of patients, including failure to thrive, bile duct obstruction, cholangitis, sepsis, and pleural effusion.

Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 9% of patients who received PEMAZYRE. Adverse reactions requiring permanent discontinuation in ≥1% of patients included intestinal obstruction and acute kidney injury.

Dosage interruptions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 43% of patients who received PEMAZYRE. Adverse reactions requiring dosage interruption in ≥1% of patients included stomatitis, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, arthalgia, fatigue, abdominal pain, AST increased, asthenia, pyrexia, ALT increased, cholangitis, small intestinal obstruction, alkaline phosphatase increased, diarrhea, hyperbilirubinemia, electrocardiogram QT prolonged, decreased appetite, dehydration, hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypophosphatemia, back pain, pain in extremity, syncope, acute kidney injury, onychomadesis, and hypotension.

Dose reductions due to an adverse reaction occurred in 14% of patients who received PEMAZYRE. Adverse reactions requiring dosage reductions in ≥1% of patients who received PEMAZYRE included stomatitis, arthralgia, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, asthenia, and onychomadesis.

Clinically relevant adverse reactions occurring in ≤10% of patients included fractures (2.1%). In all patients treated with pemigatinib, 1.3% experienced pathologic fractures (which included patients with and without cholangiocarcinoma [N=466]). Soft tissue mineralization, including cutaneous calcification, calcinosis, and non-uremic calciphylaxis associated with hyperphosphatemia were observed with PEMAZYRE treatment.

Within the first 21-day cycle of PEMAZYRE dosing, serum creatinine increased (mean increase of 0.2 mg/dL) and reached steady state by Day 8, and then decreased during the 7 days off therapy. Consider alternative markers of renal function if persistent elevations in serum creatinine are observed.

The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) were hyperphosphatemia (60%), alopecia (49%), diarrhea (47%), nail toxicity (43%), fatigue (42%), dysgeusia (40%), nausea (40%), constipation (35%), stomatitis (35%), dry eye (35%), dry mouth (34%), decreased appetite (33%), vomiting (27%), arthralgia (25%), abdominal pain (23%), hypophosphatemia (23%), back pain (20%), and dry skin (20%).

Drug Interactions
Avoid concomitant use of strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors with PEMAZYRE. Reduce the dose of PEMAZYRE if concomitant use with a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor cannot be avoided. Avoid concomitant use of strong and moderate CYP3A inducers with PEMAZYRE.

Special Populations
Advise lactating women not to breastfeed during treatment with PEMAZYRE and for 1 week after the final dose.

Reduce the recommended dose of PEMAZYRE for patients with severe renal impairment as described in the prescribing information.

Reduce the recommended dose of PEMAZYRE for patients with severe hepatic impairment as described in the prescribing information.

Please see Full Prescribing Information for PEMAZYRE.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

PEMAZYRE® is indicated for the treatment of adults with previously treated, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusion or other rearrangement as detected by an FDA-approved test.

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial(s).